The number of people living in developed countries who consume meat has doubled over the last three decades, according to new data from the United Nations.
According to the latest World Health Organization (WHO) Meat Production, Intake, and Consumption (MPI) dataset, consumption of meat grew by 6.5% from 2000 to 2014, while India, China, Brazil, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) all grew faster than any other country.
India, which currently consumes about 1.7 billion tonnes of meat a year, was the second largest meat consumer in the world in 2014, consuming around 574 million tonnes of beef and pork, according the WHO data.
This growth in meat consumption has come at a cost, as the country’s population is expected to double over the next 50 years to reach almost 8 billion people by 2050.
India is now the world’s biggest meat producer, consuming nearly 50% of the world total.
The data also shows that, as of March 2018, the country had more than 1.5 billion cattle, 1.1 billion pigs, and 438 million goats.
India’s consumption of dairy, eggs, and meat has increased by almost 10% since 2000.
While the country has traditionally enjoyed low levels of pollution and health concerns, it has now started to see increasing levels of meat consumption as its population grows.
In recent years, India has been under increasing pressure to beef up its beef exports, which account for about a third of its total meat consumption.
In 2017, India exported nearly 5 million tonnes to the United States, the United Kingdom, and France.
According the latest WHO data, the increase in meat imports from China has resulted in a 40% increase in the number of cattle imported from China into India in the last decade.
While India’s domestic meat consumption increased by more than 20% between 2000 and 2014, meat consumption in China has also increased.
Between 2001 and 2017, China’s domestic beef consumption increased more than 90%.
In 2016, China consumed around 6.6 billion tonnes and imports reached over 7.3 billion tonnes.
The United States is India’s biggest trading partner and has been a big meat exporter to the country.
Between 2006 and 2017 China’s imports of beef to the U.S. jumped by more 20%.
India has also been one of the largest meat consumers in the Middle East and Africa.
Between 2009 and 2016, meat imports into the Middle Eastern countries rose by more 3.4 million tonnes, compared to the same period in 2017.